ELLIS FAIRBANKS DAVIS - 1813-1885

 

His participation in

The Battle of Marianna, 27 September, 1864 and Imprisonment at Elmira Prison, NY

 by

  Betty L. Norem

©1998

 

My maternal great, great grandfather, Ellis Fairbanks Davis, was born in Pascagoula, Jackson County, MS about 1813-14 (his exact birth date is unknown). He was about 12 years old when he moved to the Marianna, Jackson County, Florida area with his father, mother and siblings, from Pascagoula. His parents, John Walter and Rebecca (Harvey) Davis, had moved to Mississippi from Effingham County, Georgia in December 1809, and then moved the family again about 1822 to Jackson County, Florida. On Nov 10, 1824, Walter was listed as one of the signers of a Petition to Congress by the Citizens of Jackson County, Florida, which states that most of the signers had moved to Jackson County in the early part of 1822. He was also listed on the property tax records of Jackson County, Florida in 1825. In 1827 Walter and his son, John Davis, bought land in Jackson County, FL located on the east side of where the town of Marianna now stands(3). Walter was listed as the Head of Household on the 1830 Federal Census of Jackson Co., FL., but had moved to Franklin County by February 12,1832 where he was appointed as one of two Justices of the Peace by the Governor. This is the last record on which he was listed, and his wife, Rebecca, was listed as Head of Household on the 1840 St Joseph, Calhoun Co., Fl Census, so evidently Walter died sometime in the 1830's. By 1850 his widow had married a man named Devaughn and was again a widow living in the home of her son, John Davis, in Marianna. Ellis moved back to Jackson County in the early 1850s, where he resided for the remainder of his life.

 

Ellis was about 51 years old on 27 September 1864 when the Battle of Marianna took place during the Civil War. He had already lost one young son to the War. Walter B., 18 years old, enlisted on 20 March 1862, as a Private in Captain Richard L. Smith's Company, Cavalry, Marianna Dragoons. (This company was organized about 15 March 1862, and served as an independent company until assigned as Company B, 15th Regiment, Confederate Cavalry, about 24 Sept. 1863.) Walter was signed in, mustered and inspected in Jackson County, Florida, by Col. J. J. Finley, 6th Fla. Regiment, for a period of three years or the duration of the war. He furnished his own horse, valued at $200, and his equipment, valued at $30. This third son of Ellis F. and Ruth Davis, was to serve only a little over three months before he died of disease (not named) at Camp Jackson on 28 June 1862. His father filed a Claim of Deceased Officers and Soldiers from Arkansas and Florida for settlement in the Office of the Confederate States Auditor for the War Department, on 24 August 1863. The document does not state how much the settlement was for.

Another son, William E. ( "Will" ), not yet 21 years old, enlisted in the Confederate Army on Aug. 11, 1862, at Merrill's Bridge, Marianna , Fla. He was signed up by Lt. Joseph C. Dykes for the duration of the war. He was a Pvt. in Capt. W. J. Robinson's Co. A, 11th Fla. Infantry. Sometime in late September, 1864, during a skirmish at Turkey Ridge between Petersburg and Richmond, Va., he received a gun shot wound to his left hip. He was admitted to the General Hospital, Howard's Grove, Richmond, Va. on Oct. 4, 1864, for medical treatment, (at about the same time that his father, Ellis, was being imprisoned at Ft. Barrancas in Pensacola). He was released on a 60 day furlough on Oct. 11, 1864, and he went home to Sink Creek, a few miles south of Marianna, Fla., and was there when the war ended and  was marked AWOL. He states in his applications for a veteran's pension in 1909 that he was unable to return to his unit because of the bad conditions of the railroad, and was advised in December, 1864, when his furlough was up, by Gen. A. B. Montgomery, Commander of the military Headquarters of the district between the Apalachicola and Choctawhatchee Rivers, that he should go home and await further orders from Capt. Robinson, his Company Commander.  He states that he "never received any further orders from said Captain or anyone else at any time thereafter." He finally received approval for his pension in 1913, but only after successive applications and numerous affadavits attempting to prove that he was not a deserter. He died on 16 March 1919 of cancer.

One can only imagine the state of mind that Ellis was in when he answered the call to arms in defense of his home and family, after loosing one son and not knowing whether or not another was dead or alive in the fighting in Virginia. Left at home was Laura, 19, John Ellis, 17, Martin, 14 (who was to become my Great grandfather), Frank, 11, and Ellen, 7, with no mother to care for them in his absence. His first wife, Ruth, had died in 1853, probably at the birth of Frank in March, or shortly thereafter. He had married again almost a year later on 2 February 1854, to Elizabeth, daughter of widow, Abigail Brickhouse. She gave him another daughter, Frances Elexena (called Ellen), born 20 October 1857. Elizabeth died in 1862, leaving all of the children completely motherless. So it must have been with very mixed emotions that Ellis left his children at home alone while he took his old squirrel rifle and answered the call, which had gone out over the county, for all able-bodied men and boys to report to Marianna to help defend the town from the eminent raid of Federal soldiers. His brother, Joseph, and his family, lived fairly close by, so we can assume that he helped to look out for Ellis' children in the absence of their father.

 

The following account of the battle is an excerpt from The History of Jackson County, and gives a much better account than this author is capable of.

 

 

The Battle of Marianna

 

The Battle of Marianna was the most tragic event in the history of Jackson County, as it is the most memorable. It was not, however, an engagement of great historic importance, but it was a typical example of the indomitable spirit of the South, which, in face of almost insurmount-able odds, had sustained the

Confederacy through the years of the Civil War.

 The Federal raid on Marianna did not come as a surprise, but had been anticipated & feared by Governor Milton for many months. He had warned the Confederate military authorities, time and time again, of the defenseless position of West Florida - one of the chief sources of food supplies and salt remaining to the Confederacy - which had been stripped of its military strength to bolster the crumbling armies of Lee and Johnston.

 In 1864 Marianna was the military headquarters of the district between the Apalachicola and Choctawhatchee Rivers, under the command of Col. A. B. Montgomery, who, before the Civil War was a lieutenant in the U. S. Army, and a Major in the 5th Florida Infantry; wounded at Second Manassas. His troops at, or near, Marianna, consisted of a small detachment of Confederate Cavalry of about 300 men, recruited largely from Jackson and neighboring counties. One company, commanded by Capt. Robert Chisholm, was stationed at Marianna; a second company, led by Major William H. Milton, was located about 25 miles south of headquarters; and a third, under Capt. William A. Jeter, was 20 miles west at Hickory Hill. The Cavalry was used principally for patroling the district, which was infested by deserters and frequently raided by small parties of Federals from  patrol boats, in an effort to destroy the salt works on the Gulf coast in the St. Andrews Bay area of Washington County (now in Bay County). 

The Marianna raid was planned by Gen. Alexander Asboth with a definite objective in view, as shown by the following communication:

Headquarters District of West Florida

Barrancas, September 12, 1364.

 

Major-General Drake,

Assistant Adjutant-General,

Department of the Gulf:

 

Major:  I have the honor to report that owing to the information received and forwarded yesterday, under No. 1045, I am to start a cavalry raid into the northern portion of West Florida. Going up to the Santa Rosa Island and swimming the horses across the East Pass to the mainland, I will proceed to Port Washington, and from thence to Marianna and vicinity, returning via St. Andrews salt works. My object is to capture the isolated rebel cavalry and infantry in Washington and Jackson Counties, and to liberate the Union prisoners at Marianna; to collect white and Negro recruits, and to secure as many horses and mules as possible.

 

Very Respectfully, your obedient servant,

ASBOTH, Brigadier-General.

 About a week before Federal Gen. Alexander Asboth's raiders appeared in Marianna, news was received at Confederate headquarters that the Federals had surprised and captured a part of Capt. Chisholm's cavalry at Eucheeanna in Washington County, and were advancing toward Marianna. On 26 September, the Yankees were reported to be at Campbellton, only about 18 miles away, and the long dreaded appearance of Federal forces in Marianna seemed only a matter of hours away. A call was immediately sent over the county for all men able to bear arms to report to Marianna at once. The following morning - the day of the raid - the town was filled with volunteers, mostly old men and boys, who paraded the streets with their squirrel guns and old rifles, anxious to fight, and each one was fully confident that he could "lick a dozen Yankees."

Col. Montgomery left town on the morning of September 27th with his staff and two companies of cavalry to intercept the Union raiders, but finding the enemy in greatly superior force, he fell back to Marianna, arriving about an hour ahead of Asboth's mounted Infantry and cavalry. Col. Montgomery immediately ordered his troops to retire across the Chipola river bridge to the comparative safety of the east bank, leaving the town to be defended by the old men and boys with their antiquated guns, to the best of their ability. This brought a storm of criticism down on the head of the Confederate com­mander. Editor Edward J. Judah, publisher of the West Florida News, wrote, a few days later, that Montgomery's conduct was "too disgraceful for us to dwell upon."

 In the meantime the organization of the volunteer defenders of Marianna had been hastily perfected. Capt. Jesse J. Norwood was chosen to command the volunteers, which consisted of members of Norwood's Marianna Guard, Capt. Henry Robinson's Greenwood Guards, and several members of Capt. A. R. Godwin's Cavalry Company at Campbellton. The rank and file included boys under 16 & elderly men between 50 and 75 years old, which is the reason these volunteers were called Norwood's "Cradle to Grave Volunteers." Capt. Norwood was a 30-year old local attorney who had earlier served in the 5th Battalion of Florida Cavalry.

 The Federal forces consisted of three battalions - the 2nd Maine Cavalry, Lt. Col. Spaulding in command; one battalion of the 1st Fla. Cavalry, who were Confederate deserters, led by Major Rutkey; and two companies of Negro mounted infantry from the 56th and 82nd Louisiana regiments. In all about 900 troops, well armed and under the command of Gen. Asboth, a Hungarian adventurer and soldier of fortune who had sold his sword to the Yankees.

 Capt. Norwood deployed his little army behind trees, fences and any other cover they could find, along the road from Ely's Corner, (at Lafayette and Russ streets), east to the Episcopal church. The Yankees came into town from the west over the old Campbellton road and were met at Ely's Corner, with a devastating fire from the home guards that killed one of the raiders and wounded several others, causing the front ranks of Federals to wheel and retire in confusion. The enemy's lines were quickly reformed, however, and led by the Union general himself, they charged back down the road, two & three abreast, literally running over the old men and boys, forcing the defenders to retreat to the Episcopal church yard. Here the defenders encountered a detachment of the enemy that had skirted the northern part of town as far as the home of Mrs. Edwin Whitehead and then turned south to outflank the home guards. At this point, an eye-witness related, the Union troops halted, many dismounting, and appeared to be watching the church. Soon it was rumored the general (Asboth) had been shot, and in a few minutes orders came to fire the church and the homes of Mrs.

Hunter and Dr. R. A. Sanders. When the church burst into flames, men were shot down as they came running out of the building, trying to escape the flames.

 Gen. Asboth had been shot and wounded in that first skirmish, and he was in an ugly mood. He had been told, "there'll be no fight at Marianna; you'll be welcomed with open arms," and here he had been painfully wounded, three of his officers killed and there were many causalities among his troops. He not only ordered the burning of the church, over the protest of one of his officers, but he also ordered the town sacked and burned and permitted his blood-thirsty Negroes to shoot and club defenseless prisoners. Someone interceded and the order to burn the town was counter­manded. Who had sufficient influence with General Asboth to save Marianna from total destruction is not  known, but Dr. Burke said it was a Mr. Moore.

 Five of the defenders of Marianna were killed in the church yard after they had laid down their arms, and their bodies burned beyond all recognition in the church fire. The victims were Woodbury (Woody) Nickels, Littleton Myrick, 15th Confederate Cavalry, John Carter, 6th Florida Infantry; Rev. Frank Allen and Dr. M. A. Butler, both  of Greenwood.

 John Davis, Sr., who was 63 years old, had joined the Volunteers in the defense of their home town, also. He had served as the captain of a state militia company during the Second Seminole War in 1836 and was also the original captain of the Jackson Home Guards. He sus­tained a compound fracture of his thigh during the fighting and fell on the north side of St. Luke's Episcopal Church. He was probably treated at home and lived another 11 years before his death on 5 Aug 1875 at 74 years old. . (This was one Ellis F. Davis's 5 brothers - BN)

 Major Nathan Cutler, 2nd Maine Cavalry, one of the few Yankee officers with whom the people of Marianna became friendly, told the late John H. Carter, Sr. in 1916 that the destruction of the church was "a piece of vandalism, committed by Negro troops by order of General Asboth." The Major said he did not remember all the circumstances as he was shot from his saddle about that time, but he afterwards learned that an express order was given to fire the church. Someone, he stated, from the Federal forces protested, but the command from the same source was repeated, at which time kerosene swabs were run up the sides of the building. The flames licked furiously upward - the whole church stood ablaze - and soon burned to the ground. Armstrong Purdee, a Negro lawyer, born a slave, was an eye witness and, years later, he wrote: "It was fired (the church) on the west side, on the side of the steeple. I was about 40 steps from the church on the south side of the road in line with it." All the records of the church were destroyed but the Bible, which tradition credits Major Cutler with saving, notwithstanding he was painfully wounded at the time and in no position to do so.

 The incident which endeared Major Cutler to the people of Marianna was his clemency to the two boys who shot him from his horse, seriously wounding him, and resulted in his imprisonment at Andersonville, Georgia, for a time before he was paroled. He told Mr. Carter the boys "literally peppered me with shot until I fell from my saddle." One of the boys was Frank Baltzell, 14 years old, Major Cutler remembered, but he could not recall the name of the other boy.

 There are no official records of the Confederate and Union casualties in the Battle of Marianna. General Asboth's official re­port mentions two Union officers killed and six wounded, namely: Capt. Young, 7th Vermont, and Lieutenant Ayer, 2nd Maine Cavalry, killed; Majors Cutler and Hutchinson, 2nd Maine Cavalry; Captains Stanley  and Adams, Lieutenant Moody, and Lieutenant Raleigh, his aide-de-camp, wounded.  He made no report of the killed and wounded among his troops.

 Asboth's report is a happy mixture of fact and fiction, designed to substantiate his claim of a "brilliant victory." He referred to the rebel cavalry in the front line and the sharp-shooters who had ambushed his troops, as a  purely fictional force, as the home guards had neither cavalry support nor sharpshooters. The General further stated, "We captured 81 prisoners of war, 95 stands of arms, over 200 fine horses, 400 cattle." There was probably not a single gun used in the defense of Marianna that could be classed as a military arm, and the number of prisoners was a gross exaggeration. Asboth also claimed to have captured Brig-Gen. William E. Anderson of the state militia. This was not, however, General Anderson, but an elderly man of the same name  and initials. (War Department records show General Anderson was captured and imprisoned). 

The Federal General ended his report with the statement. "I, myself, was also honored by the rebels with two balls; the first in the face, breaking my cheek bone, and the second fractured my left arm in two places."  Davis Gray, a plantation owner of Greenwood, was credited with firing the shots that wounded General Asboth. He escaped across the Chipola River.

 Edward J. Judah published in the West Florida News, October 5, 1864, a list of the casualties of the home guards, reporting 9 killed, 16 wounded. and 54 taken prisoner. The article also states, "The Yankee loss is estimated at about 15 killed, and 40 wounded." The Union wounded, who survived, were sent to the prison at Andersonville, Georgia. The Federals carried away all their wounded except six, who were treated at the Post

Hospital, except Major Cutler and Lieutenant Adams, who were taken to the home of Thomas M. White. The Federals left their dead unburied. (Some years ago I saw some graves of Federal soldiers in the cemetery in the town of Marianna with no names or inscriptions except to identify them as Yankee soldiers - evidently the towns people buried them after the Yankees left them behind.) (Author) 

Among the prisoners taken away by the enemy was Colonel Montgomery, commandant of the Marianna post, who is said to have been thrown from his horse and captured while trying to escape across the Chipola river bridge. Dr. Robinson and some others did escape to the east bank of the river, after which the planks of the bridge were removed. Dr. Burke wrote that Col. Montgomery "was captured at Mr. White's residence, or was soon thereafter carried there, probably by prearrangement." Among the other prominent prisoners taken by the Yankees, many were paroled, some escaped, and  others were taken to Ft. Barrancas and later transferred to Federal prisons in the North. Several died in prison while others lived to come home after the war and start life anew.

 In addition to their prisoners and loot, the Federals carried back to Ft. Barrancas about 400 Negro women and children. Armstrong Purdee, the 8-year-old slave boy, was picked up by a Union cavalryman at the Waddell plantation, about 11 miles west of Marianna, and rode into town with him. Purdee, who later became a prominent Negro lawyer, witnessed the battle and the burning of the church and was one of the Negroes taken back to Pensacola by the Federals. He wrote, "The women and children were put in wagons, and the men and prisoners all walked, until reaching Point Washington. Here the women and children were put on a steamboat, while the men and soldiers crossed the Bluff to Ft. Barrancas and Ft. Pickens, I being with them. My father found out where I was and came after me. We came back by the way of Apalachicola."

 The only white man to leave Marianna voluntarily was the telegraph operator, Charlie Philips, who had turned over to the enemy all the telegrams that had passed between Major W. H. Milton and Tallahassee, asking for reinforcements. This information speeded the departure of the Federals, who pulled out of Marianna during the night, two days before Col. G. W. Scott arrived with reinforcements.

 Editor Judah, in the News on October 5, 1864, told how the noble women of Marianna opened their homes to the wounded and ad­ministered to them "with all the attention which can be bestowed by sleepless, untiring, ministering angels." He reported that Mr. Adam McNealy and Mr. Solomon Sullivan were being treated at the home of Mrs. W. J. Armistead, Sr.; Dr. A. F. Blount, at Mrs. W. S. Wilson's; and young Payton Gwin (printer's devil), at the residence of Mrs. Robert Johnson. Dr. Burke also spoke in the highest praise of the women of Marianna. "Mrs. Armistead." he wrote, "threw open her house and told me to bring in all that it would hold." and the doctor paid tribute to her two daughters, Misses Sallie and Baker, as well as many other young ladies who came in that night to aid in caring for the wounded.

 Extreme youth and age were equally conspicuous in the defense of Marianna. The teenagers who shared the honors with their older comrades-in-arms were Charles Nickels, Richard Baltzell and Robert Armistead, only 15 years old; and Frank Baltzell who had not yet reached his 14th birthday. They were mere school boys but they fought like veterans. Frank Baltzell was painfully wounded, taken prisoner, but released. He is said to have gone to sleep under a bench in the courthouse where the prisoners were confined, and was overlooked by the

Federals in their haste to get out of town. The other boys were also taken prisoner and carried as far as Vernon, in Washington County, where they were released. Woody Nickels, 17, was one of the ten defenders to lose their lives when the Federals raided their home town.

 Among the minor engagements of the Civil War there were few, if any, which surpassed in fierceness the clash between Asboth's Federal raiders and the Home Guards at Marianna, September 27, 1864. It was a moral, if not an actual, victory, for the "old men and boys," as the objectives of Asboth's raid through northwest Florida - the capture of the isolated Confederate cavalry and the destruc­tion of the St. Andrews salt works - were never attained because the "rebels" at Marianna did not give up without a fight. [End of excerpt.]

 Among the prisoners taken away by the Federal troops was my Great Great Grandfather, Ellis Fairbanks Davis. Copies of his military papers shows the following: "Captured at Marianna, Fla., Sept. 27, 1864, by a portion of the Federal Troops under command of Brig. Gen. Asboth, on the late raid into the interior of Western Florida.

Remarks: Member of the Legislature." (I have been unsuccessful in finding any documentation of him being a member of the FL Legislature - however, his nephew who was named for him, Ellis Fairbanks Davis, Jr., later became a lawyer and member of the legislature).

 Ellis next appears on The Roll of Prisoners of War at Ft. Barrancas, Pensacola, Florida, and "forwarded to New Orleans, LA, per Steamer "Clinton" on Oct 8, 1864." The Roll of Prisoners of War Received at New Orleans, LA., shows Ellis as arriving there "during the 5 days ending Oct 10, 1864."  He appears again on the roll of prisoners at New Orleans,  who were "transferred to Ship Island, MS on Oct 20, 1864, by order of Maj. Gen. E. R. S. Canby, and received there on Oct 21st." He next appears on the Roll of Prisoners of War at Ship Island, Miss., "sent to New York Nov. 5, 1864, by order of Capt. M. R. Marston." It does not indicate whether the prisoners were sent by ship or train, & it is not known just what date that Ellis arrived in New York at Elmira Prison, but the following account of that prison, where so many of the Confederate soldiers were confined, leaves no doubt that the next several months of his life, and those of his fellow soldiers, must have been a living hell.

  [End of excerpt]

 Ellis Fairbanks Davis somehow managed to survive those inhuman conditions for his 3 months of imprisonment at Elmira and was transferred for exchange on February 13, 1865. He returned to Jackson County where he resumed farming and taking care of his family.  Family traditions says that he walked almost all the way home, and since the railroads had almost all been destroyed by the Union, this story is probably true. Ellis lived another 20 years after his ordeal, and lived to see his surviving children all married and starting families of their own.

 Will married Delaura Pledger on Dec 24, 1867, and they had 4 sons and 1 daughter.

 Martin married Lovest (Lovey) Syrena Cooper on 15 April 1871, and they had 6 sons and 2 daughters, including Mary Ann Elizabeth, who would later become my Grandmother Faircloth.

 John Ellis married Sara Porter about 1875, and they had 7 sons and 4 daughters.

 Ellen married  Warren Frederick Laramore on 25 May 1876, and they had 3 sons and 3 daughters.

 Frank married  Josephine Nixon on 3 Feb. 1877, and they had 9 sons and 3 daughters.

 Laura married last, when she was 35 years old, on 28 Feb. 1880, to Jack Tanner. Being the eldest living child and a daughter, it most likely fell to her to see all of her brothers and one sister through their childhood and into adulthood. At this point in time, I have no further information on her, and do not know if she ever had children of her own.

 Ellis died on Oct. 10, 1885. At this time, his burial place remains unknown, but he may be buried in the Pledger Cemetary in Marianna where several of his descendants are buried.

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Footnotes:

(1) Before the Civil War, Col. Montgomery was a lieutenant in the U. S. Army; was a major in 5th Florida Infantry; wounded at Second Manassas.

 (2) These companies were detached from Col. George W. Scott's 5th Florida Battalion Cavalry, including Companies I, G. and E.

 (3) War of the Rebellion, Series 1, Vol.  Part 2.

 (4) From letter of Dr. Burke now in possession of Mrs. Ella Lewis Pierce, Mari­anna.

 (5) Col. Montgomery's decision was undoubtedly sound from a military stand­point

(6) Capt. Henry Robinson  was H. Robinson, surgeon at Marianna post.

 (7) Runnymede Hotel, originally the Baltzell hospital, stands on Ely's  corner at Lafayette and Russ streets.

 (8) Asboth reported officially  " ... all my troops, except the repulsed battalion, reportedly of the 2nd Maine Cavalry, behaved with utmost gallantry."

(9) From information furnished W. H. Milton by Armstrong Purdee, a Negro lawyer and eye-witness of burning of Episcopal church.

 (10)Woody Nickels was the 17-year-old son of William Nickels, an alleged Union­ist, as was John T. Myrick, father of Littleton Myrick. Myrick was sheriff of Jackson County (1845-7). State Senator (1854-1856). a Whig, he later joined the "Know-Nothing" party.

(11) Dr. Henry Robinson married Margaret A. Dickson of Greenwood in 1865; moved to Jacksonville where he became a prominent banker, serving as presi­dent of the Commercial Bank for 30 years. In Dr. Webster Merritt's history, "A Century in Medicine," Dr. Henry Robinson is referred to as one of the promi­nent "Builders of Jacksonville," who were members of the medical profession.

 (12) War of the Rebellion, Series 1, Vol. 25,  Part 1.

 (13) William E. Anderson served as Brigadier General of Florida Militia [date of commencement or terrnination unknown]; was elected Captain of Co. H, 11th Florida Infantry, March 17, 1863; resigned Nov. 27, 1863; private in Marianna Home Guards and captured at Marianna Sept.27, 1864; imprisoned at New Orleans, Ft. Lafayette, N. Y. Harbor, and Ft. Warren, Mass; released June 26. 1865, on taking oath of allegiance to U. S.

(Letter dated June 24, 1936, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C.)

 (14) Davis Gray of Greenwood is credited with firing the shots that wounded Asboth.

 (15) Dr. Robinson wrote in 1916 that Col. Montgomery's loyalty could not be questioned.

 (16) Charlie Philips was telegraph operator who left Marianna with the Federals.

 (17) Mrs. Wilson was wife of Dr. W. S. Wilson and daughter of Judge Jacob Robinson.

 (18) Dr. Burke married Elmira McNealy, whom he met while treating her father, Adam McNealy; they moved to Texas and were pioneers of Texarkana, Texas.

 (19) Frank BaltzeIl is said to have gone to sleep under a bench in the courthous where the prisoners were confined, and was overlooked by the Federals in their haste to get out of town.

 (20) Robinson's praise of Major Cutler did not please some members of the UDC and he was asked to eliminate it from his history of the Marianna raid.

 (21) Downloaded from the Civil War BBS - posted by David Cole & Steve Bowers.

 

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Roster of participants sent to Elmira Prison in New York: (Data & names in Italics are from the book The West Florida War by Dale Cox)  

Blarney, John J. was a member of the legislature and was captured at Marianna 9/26/64. He died of pneumonia 12/15/64 at Elmira prison and was buried in the prison cemetery, grave # 1216.8

Blaney, John. Fifty years old, Blaney was captured during the fighting and imprisoned at New Orleans, Ship Island and Elmira. He died at the latter place on December 15, 1864, and was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery.

Bush, Albert G. Forty-nine years old, Bush was captured during the fighting and imprisoned at New Orleans, Ship island and Elmira. He returned home to his farm after the war. Bush, Allen Henry. Fifty-five years old, Bush was the local circuit judge and had been a practicing Marianna attorney since the early 1840's. Imprisoned at New Orleans, Ship Island and Elmira, he returned home after the war and resumed his law practice. Judge Bush was delegated to the ill-fated state constitutional convention on October 25, 1865, and was listed a year later as being friendly to the Carpetbaggers then controlling local politics.

Davis, Ellis F. (b. 1814 MS; m. [1st]; m. Elizabeth Brickhouse 2/2/54 [2nd]) came to Jackson Co. in the 1840s and was a successful farmer before the war. He was a member of the legislature during the war and was captured 9/26/64 at Marianna as a member of this company. He was sent to New Orleans then Ship Island prison then onto Elmira prison where he arrived in November 1864. He was transferred for exchange 2/13/65 and returned to Jackson County where he resumed farming. According to an ancestor, Ellis had at least nine children by his two wives. One of his sons, Walter B., served in Captain Smith's Cavalry Company and died of disease 6/28/62.

Davis, Ellis. A local farmer, Davis was captured during the fighting and imprisoned at New Orleans, Ship Island and Elmira. Paroled from Elmira during early 1865, he evidently returned home.

Everett, Miles. Captured during the fighting, Everett was imprisoned at New Orleans, Ship Island and Elmira. He was released from the latter place on March 2, 1865 and hospitalized in Richmond, Virginia, until the 14th of May, when he was furloughed and allowed to return home.

Harrison, Samuel was captured 9/27/64 at Marianna and released on oath 5/29/65 at Elmira prison. He was 5' 7", blue eyes, auburn hair, fair skin.

Hentz,Thaddeus W. Gamble's Light Artillery. The 30-year old dentist was also a member of a company of state artillery reservists. Suffering the loss of a finger during the fighting, he was captured and imprisoned at New Or­leans, Ship Island and Elmira. Hospitalized during his stay at Elmira, he was released on March 2, 1865. Again hospitalized at a Confederate hospital in Richmond, Virginia, until March 14, 1865, he returned home and resumed his dentistry practice.

Justus, J. B. was a Revolutionary War and War of 1812 veteran. He was a member of the legislature and was captured at Marianna 9/27/64. He was sent to Elmira prison then transferred for exchange 2/20/65. He was hospitalized in Richmond then furloughed 3/16/65. Sometimes called "Captain" Justiss, the volunteer was captured during the fighting and imprisoned at New Orleans, Ship Island and Elmira. He was exchanged during March of 1865 and hospitalized at Howard's Grove Hospital in Richmond for two weeks before being released on March 15, 1865.

McBright, Israel does not appear on any rolls but was released on oath 5/29/65 from Elmira prison. He was 5'7", blue eyes, dark hair, fair skin. Background unknown, McBright identified himself as a member of Norwood's company and was imprisoned at New Orleans, Ship Island and probably Elmira. His name does not appear on Asboth's p.o.w. list, but does appear on subsequent Northern prison records. Fate un­known.

Merritt, Alexander S. was captured defending Marianna 9/27/64 and paroled at Elmira prison 12/12/64. He was 5'9", dark eyes, black hair, fair skin. He was believed to have been a Unionist. A 32-year old local merchant, Merritt was captured during the fighting and imprisoned at New Orleans, Ship Island and Elmira. He was released from Elmira on December 12,1864, and returned home.

Morning, E. W. was a member of the legislature and was captured defending Marianna 9/27/64. He was sent to Fort Columbus prison and was released from prison after the war. Mooring, Edwin W. Thirty-six years old, Mooring was a local merchant and whiskey distiller. Captured, he was imprisoned at New Orleans, Ship island and Elmira. At the latter facility he was listed as an "adjutant." Eventually released, he returned home after the war.

Myrick, J. F., Sr. was captured defending Marianna 9/27/64 and released on oath 5/29/65 from Elmira prison.

Myrick, John T., Jr. was captured defending Marianna 9/27/64. He was believed to have been a Unionist.

Myrick, J. T., Jr. Sixteen years old, Myrick was captured during the fighting and imprisoned at New Orleans, Ship Island and Elmira. Released from the latter place on May 29,1865, he returned home. A bitter advocate of Reconstruction, despite his father's Unionist attitudes, he was convicted in October, 1869, for killing local black leader Matt Nichols, his wife and son. He was also charged with assault and battery in connection with another crime and accused of ambushing a party of freed slaves near Blue Spring. He fled the county and eventually showed up in Texas.

O'Neal, James was a member of the legislature. He was captured defending Marianna 9/27/64 and died of pneumonia 3/5/65 at Elmira prison. He was buried in the prison cemetery, grave #2387.

O'Neal, James (Daniel). Fifty-one years old, O'Neal was captured during the fighting imprisoned at New Orleans, Ship Island and Elmira. Listed "too sick" to be paroled on February 13, 1865, he died on the 5th of March at Elmira and was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery.

Pittman, Frederick R. A private in the 11th Florida Infantry, Plttman was home on leave and volunteered for service. Fifty- one years old, he was captured during the battle and imprisoned at New Orleans, Ship Island and Elmira. The former Whig politician was released from the latter establishment on December 12, 1864.

Roulhac, James B. was a member of the legislature and was captured defending Marianna 9/27/64. He was paroled 12/12/64 at Elmira priosn and was 5'9.5", grey eyes, dark hair, light skin, residence: Marianna.

Tucker, Charles lived in Quincy and was a member of the legislature. He was captured defending Marianna 9/27/64. He died of diarrhoea 12/11/64 at Elmira prison and was buried in the prison cemetery, grave 1107.18

Tucker, Charles (of Quincy). Captured during the fighting and imprisoned at New Orleans, Ship island and Elmira, he died at the latter place on December 11, 1864, and was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery.

 

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